New Delhi: India’s real gross domestic product (GDP) has been projected to grow by seven per cent in 2022-23, as per the first advance estimates released by the National Statistical Office (NSO). Gross fixed capital formation (GFCF) is projected to drive the GDP growth with an 11.5 per cent expansion. Private final consumption expenditure (PFCE) has been projected to grow by 7.7 per cent, while government final consumption expenditure (GFCE) has been projected to grow by a much lower 3.1 per cent. According to the NSO’s estimates, trade deficit would jump to 7.1 per cent of GDP in 2022-23 from 4.8 per cent in 2021-22.
The economy grew 9.7 per cent in the first half (April-September) of FY23, the data for which was released on November 30.
The first Advance Estimates of GDP by NSO have incorporated the factory output data of an additional month (October) as well as some lead indicators until November and December, assuming 4.5 per cent growth in the second half (October-March).
The RBI and the World Bank have projected 6.8 per cent and 6.9 per cent GDP growth, respectively, in FY23.
The economy grew 8.7 per cent in FY22. In FY23, gross value added (GVA) at basic prices is expected to grow at 6.7 per cent.
With the government in 2017 advancing the date of the Union Budget to February 1 from the last day of February, the statistics department has also advanced the release of the first Advance Estimates so that the government has an annual estimate of
GDP, which could be incorporated in the Budget calculations even at the cost of some accuracy.
“The Advance Estimates will have a short shelf-life — mostly based on extrapolating indicators available until November. The NSO will release the Revised Estimates of annual national accounts of the last three years by January-end, and that could change the base for FY23 estimates. Meanwhile the second Advance Estimate for FY23 and the 3QF23 print, due in end-February, will probably entail more factual data inputs,” said Madhavi Arora, lead economist at Emkay Global Financial Services.
In FY23, agriculture is expected to remain the bright spot, growing at 3.5 per cent on the back of a good monsoon. While electricity (9 per cent) and construction (9.1 per cent) are likely to see robust growth, driven by post-pandemic recovery, manufacturing (1.6 per cent) is expected to remain the laggard, weighed down by high input cost.
The services sector, which comprises more than half the economy, is expected to grow at a robust 9.1 per cent, proving to be the key driver of economic recovery.
Private consumption is expected to grow at 7.7 per cent in FY23, boosted by increased spending on high-value items.
However, government spending, comprising expenditures by the Centre and the state governments, is expected to remain muted at 3.1 per cent.
The NSO estimate, however, factors in robust double-digit recovery in investment demand (11.5 per cent) in FY23, as represented by gross fixed capital formation, largely due to a sustained focus on capex by the Central government.
Sunil Sinha, senior director and principal economist, India Ratings & Research, said private consumption was still short of a broad-based recovery.
“The current consumption demand is highly skewed in favour of goods and services consumed largely by the households falling in the upper-income bracket. A broad-based consumption recovery therefore is still some distance away,” he added.
The first GDP Advance Estimates of FY23 will also cheer the government since nominal GDP (15.4 per cent) and, in turn, tax revenues are going to be much higher than what had been budgeted and would provide adequate fiscal headroom to achieve the fiscal deficit target of 6.4 per cent.
CRISIL Chief Economist D K Joshi said the slowdown was expected to intensify next year on account of falling global growth.
“While domestic demand has stayed relatively resilient so far, it will be tested next year by weakening industrial activity. It will feel the pressure from the increasing transmission of interest rate hikes to consumers as well, and as the catch-up in contact-based services fades. Because of these factors, CRISIL projects real GDP growth to slow to 6 per cent next fiscal year, with risks tilted to the downside,” he added.